Publication Charge or Submission fees. Both subscription-based and open access journals may charge a fee (Rp 450,000 rupiahs) at the time of manuscript submission to help to fund editorial and peer review administration. From an author’s standpoint, these fees might deter submission due to the existence of many journals without such charges. However, submission fees thus present the advantage of decreasing competition for review and acceptance, potentially enhancing publication speed. The effect on journal quality, and therefore potentially on impact, may also be positive: the quality of submissions may increase, as only authors with confidence that they are choosing the right journal will be willing to pay a submission fee. Interestingly, it has also been posited that submission fees can increase authors’ concern about the quality of peer review and the reasoning behind manuscript rejection, potentially motivating greater accountability on the part of journals.